When the mayor of Somerville needed help with his city’s fiscal crisis in 2004, he looked to Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) for assistance. Four years later, in today’s uncertain economic climate, the city of Boston is turning to the institution for aid.Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino met with students in Linda Bilmes’ budgeting and financial management class at HKS Dec. 9 to encourage them to enroll in her advanced applied budgeting course this spring. Members of that class will work in Boston to help the city navigate its current financial challenges. The aim of the cooperative effort, the mayor noted, is to have students explore how to increase the quality and efficiency of city services while examining ways to do it at the same or reduced costs.“Today, this work has become even more important given the current financial crisis at the state and national levels,” Menino said.The mayor said he liked working with students on city projects in part because of their much-needed perspective.“What you do is you bring your expertise, your knowledge. You might not think you have it, but the problem we have in government is — you have some people there who have sat there for the last eight, nine, 10 years, and they’ve always done it the same way and it often doesn’t work. We need new eyes and new ideas and [people] to do the research that is necessary.”The Boston partnership comes at a challenging time as cities around the country struggle with difficult budget cuts and funding shortfalls amid a deepening recession. In Massachusetts, state aid to cities and towns may be cut by as much as 10 percent next year, adding an additional burden to the city���s budget woes.“It’s going to be a time that this city has never seen before, making these tough cuts as we continue to balance our budget,” said Menino, adding, “We want you to be part of the solution. That’s the part that I like the best.”The collaboration actually grew out of a casual remark from the mayor. At one of the biannual training conferences sponsored by Harvard’s Institute of Politics for newly elected mayors, Menino, who was part of a panel, suggested cash-strapped mayors looking for budget help enlist the aid of Harvard professors and students. Then-mayor-elect, Joseph Curtatone of Somerville, took the idea to heart. He accompanied Bilmes, who was teaching a workshop at the conference, directly back to her budgeting class and asked the students for assistance balancing his city’s books.“Sixty students signed up,” recalled Bilmes. “We ended up working in Somerville for four years with a wonderful team and contributing to that city’s whole turnaround.”The idea ultimately bloomed into a small field course in the spring taught by Bilmes and Carolyn Wood, HKS assistant academic dean, in which small teams of students work directly with a local community on a variety of budgeting issues.Bilmes is no stranger to budget analysis. The HKS lecturer in public policy was chief financial officer and assistant secretary for management and budget for the U.S. Department of Commerce from 1997 to 2001, where she was responsible for a $9 billion budget. More recently she co-authored a book with Joseph Stiglitz, “The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq Conflict” (W.W. Norton, 2008), which became a New York Times bestseller. Her latest book, “The People Factor: Strengthening America by Investing in Public Service,” with W. Scott Gould, will be published in January.Bilmes said she recognizes the value of partnering with local cities and towns not only for the benefit of the municipalities, but for the students as well, who learn to develop solutions to real-world problems and receive public service experience.“This course provides a pipeline for young people to go into public service,” she said. “Already more than 60 students from this course have taken jobs in cities around the country.”Over the years, the advanced budgeting students have worked in a number of local cities and towns, helping them navigate everything from the economics of charter schools to how to apply for FEMA funding. Bilmes and Wood said they are excited about working in Boston this year.“Mayor Menino has assembled an outstanding team at city hall, including some of my former students, and I look forward to working with them,” said Bilmes.The partnership was brokered with help from the Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston, whose goal is to help improve local government by developing connections among scholars, students, area officials, and civic leaders.In the coming months, Bilmes will work with Lisa Signori, director of administration and finance for the city of Boston, to finalize the specific student projects in financial management and budgeting that will be most beneficial to the city.Back in class, Menino encouraged the students to not only work with the city short-term, but also to consider a career in government. The choice, he said, could be a rewarding one.“It’s not about the monetary value, it’s about what you learn. And you help people every day. … It’s about how you make a difference in people’s lives.”As she wrapped up the course’s final lecture for the semester, Bilmes echoed the mayor’s sentiments, reminding her students that crunching the numbers is really about helping people.“I urge you to try to use this budget knowledge for the common good,” she said, adding that they should follow the Kennedy School’s founding principle and “try to make the world a better place.”
After getting the scoop on Rotor’s new 1×13 hydraulic shifting single chainring 13-speed road, gravel & trail bike groupset last summer, we knew it was going to be unique. What we didn’t realize, was that with no wires to route no batteries to charge, it was going to offer one of the lightest possible complete road bike groupsets at just 1785g. That will make it easy to build up a complete disc brake road bike under the UCI’s 6.8kg weight limit when it is available in just over a month. And you can probably do the same for cyclocross or gravel too…Rotor 1×13 single chainring, 13-speed hydraulic drivetrainIf you haven’t ridden a Rotor road / dropbar groupset, there are few key things to be reminded of. One, Rotor uses a closed hydraulic shifting design with mineral oil that is substantially lighter than either traditional housing & shift cables or any wired or wireless electronic setup with its batteries – no cable adjustment, no charging. Another point is that Rotor makes everything in-house in Madrid, Spain. That means Rotor leans a lot on what they do best, precision machined aluminum & steel.Why 1x road, and why 13-speeds?So why 13-speeds (instead of the 12 of Campagnolo or now SRAM AXS)? Rotor thinks that adoption of 1x systems will revolutionize road bikes just like it has for mountain bikes. 1x is more simple, more aero, more reliable, and just lighter with fewer components. The biggest obstacles to real road 1x adoption beyond cyclocross and adventure gravel has really just been available gear ratios and consistent cadence.So Rotor developed 1×13, taking a wealth of pro & amateur rider power meter data into consideration to evaluate optimal cadence & gear ratios for a wide range of disciplines. Their thinking was that with a single chainring, 13-speed groupset, Rotor could deliver the best gearing spread & most consistent gearing steps in the industry with four different cassettes (10-36, 10-39, 10-46 & 10-52) and a simplified setup with only a rear derailleur.To make it work they needed 13 cogs, so Rotor maintained the 12-speed cog-to-cog spacing (to maintain compatibilities) but just added a 13th cog. For now that means that you need a set of Rotor Rvolver hubs to complete the group. But also as a stopgap, the new group will work with any 12-speed cassette (including Rotor’s versions that use the same ratios minus the 10T) on wheels with current Campagnolo or SRAM 12-speed ready hubs. Then, when the time comes to update/upgrade your wheels you can add on that 13th cog.Rotor 1×13 groupset pricing, claimed weights & availabilityWe go into greater detail in a separate article about the component-by-component breakdown of weights & prices. A complete groupset of shift & brake levers, brake calipers & rotors, and the new 13-speed rear derailleur sells for $1830 / 1667€ (cranks, chainring & chain excluded). Add in another $415 / 380-400€ extra for the 13-speed cassette (plus the need for a specific hub) or $365 / 334-350€ for a 12-speed version to work with your existing Shimano freehub wheels.As to the weight, Rotor’s claim of 1785g complete includes both shift/brake levers, brakes with 160mm rotors, the 1×13 rear derailleur, uncut hydraulic hosing, a 10-36 13s cassette, and an uncut KMC chain. For availability, Rotor says to reserve a group from your local shop or online from them with a 500€ deposit for April 2019 availability.RotorBike.com
WACO, TX – OCTOBER 28: Haley Chura competes in the run portion of the Pro Women Division of the IRONMAN 70.3 Waco on October 28, 2018 in Waco, Texas. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images for IRONMAN) WACO, TX – OCTOBER 28: Age group athletes compete during the IRONMAN 70.3 Waco on October 28, 2018 in Waco, Texas. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images for IRONMAN) The inaugural Bicycle World Texas IRONMAN 70.3 Waco triathlon saw over 2,300 athletes start the race on Sunday, October 28, 2018. Athletes representied 20 countries and 45 states – with competitors ranging in age from 18-80 years old.The modified bike-run event led athletes along a 56-mile bike and 13.1-mile run throughout Central Texas and along the Brazos River. The event offered a professional prize purse of US$25,000 and 30 coveted age group qualifying slots to the 2019 IRONMAN 70.3 World Championship, taking place in Nice, France. WACO, TX – OCTOBER 28: Athletes competes in the bike portion of the IRONMAN 70.3 Waco on October 28, 2018 in Waco, Texas. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images for IRONMAN) Related WACO, TX – OCTOBER 28: Age group athletes compete during the IRONMAN 70.3 Waco on October 28, 2018 in Waco, Texas. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images for IRONMAN) WACO, TX – OCTOBER 28: Age group athletes compete during the IRONMAN 70.3 Waco on October 28, 2018 in Waco, Texas. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images for IRONMAN) www.ironman.com/waco70.3www.visitbicycleworld.com WACO, TX – OCTOBER 28: (EDITORS NOTE: Image has been converted to black and white.) Guilaume Doree of France competes in the bike portion of the Pro Men Division of the IRONMAN 70.3 Waco on October 28, 2018 in Waco, Texas. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images for IRONMAN)
Bulgarian scorer Valeri Bozhinov revealed that Zhivko Milanov, who gave up active football, will still have a future in the world of football – in the role of coach.Milanov played his last match as a player yesterday, in the zero draw with Lokomotiv Plovdiv in the second match of the semifinals of the Bulgarian Cup. Apparently, however, the hearty defender has already thought about life after his professional exploits on the field. link1 “>Photos: Anton Uzunov In his address to the legend of Levski, Bozhinov revealed that Milanov is already taking coaching courses to acquire a Pro coach’s license.“You will soon get a Pro license. I am sure you will make a great coaching career. I hope to be part of your staff,” said the emotional Bozhinov.
By NICOLE WILLIAMS AKOONAH Park’s 60-year history has been put into words in a new book. The book, Proud Achievements…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
Mallard’s Source for sports would like to salute everyone involved in the campaign with Team of the Week honours. The Nelson Leafs Autism Awareness Campaign was a big hit on an off the ice as the Hockey Society brought the neurodevelopmental disorder to the forefront during a recent five-game Kootenay International Junior Hockey League home stand at the NDCC Arena.Another winner was Sam Kitch, who won the autographed jersey by the Vancouver Canucks.
Share This!Mobile, $59.00I don’t often wish my kids were small again, but when I do, it’s almost always because I encounter some clothing or bedding that that I would have instantly scooped up for a baby or toddler.The It’s A Small World collection from Pottery Barn Kids pushes that button for me. These items are baby appropriate, without being cloying. It’s a lovely homage to the classic Mary Blair art without screaming DISNEY. Would it be weird to buy the block set for myself? Sigh.Baby blanket, $39.50Swaddle set, $49.50Fitted crib sheet, $34.00Rug, starting at $399Wooden blocks, $60.00Would you buy this for a new baby, your own or as a gift?
23 July 2012 South African state company Transnet has successfully raised US$1-billion (R8.3-billion) debt in the US – a significant vote of confidence by international investors both in the company and in the country’s state-led infrastructure programme. On Friday, Transnet announced the successful pricing of the $1-billion, 10-year bond at a coupon (interest) rate of 4.00%. The bond was competitively priced at 262.5 basis points above the 10-year US Treasuries. The bond is the highest amount of money that has ever been raised by Transnet in a single bond issuance without a government guarantee. At 10 years to maturity, it is also the longest tenor ever issued by Transnet in international debt capital markets. The bond issuance was “significantly oversubscribed, confirming the confidence of the international financial markets in the South African government’s recently announced infrastructure programme as well as Transnet’s strategic direction,” the company said in a statement. Transnet will use the proceeds from the bond issue to help finance its R300-billion capital investment programme, which is focused on rejuvenating and modernising South Africa’s rail, port and pipelines logistics infrastructure. In February, President Jacob Zuma announced that South Africa would be embarking on a massive, state-led infrastructure drive in which more than R800-billion would be invested until 2014. SAinfo reporter
Posted on 29th August 2019Web Design FacebookshareTwittertweetGoogle+share A wireframe of the logo placed at the top while the menu can be found at the bottom. (Large preview)How Does This Work With Handlebars?Some operating systems and browsers tend to use the bottom area of the screen for their own purposes. iOS handlebars can get in the way of bottom navigation. Make sure the navigation is spacious enough to accommodate the iOS safe area. An overview of how the mobile screen sizes have changed (Image source: Scientamobile) (Large preview)Basically, the mobile phone screen size is getting bigger and bigger. That’s fine, but how do we adapt our design patterns to reflect these changes?Thumb-Driven DesignI first heard of the term “thumb-driven design” from Vitaly Friedman. It’s based on the Steven Hoober’s and Josh Clark’s research on how people hold their devices.The gist of it is that in nearly every case, three basic grips were most common. 49% held their phones with a one-handed grip, 36% cradled the phone in one hand and jabbed with the finger or thumb of the other, and the remaining 15% adopted the two-handed BlackBerry-prayer posture, tapping away with both thumbs, states Josh Clark. Steven Hoober had found that 75% of users touch the screen with only one thumb. Hence, the term thumb-driven design. Thumb-zone mapping explained by Samantha Ingram (Large preview)However, I would argue, that with increasing phone sizes, the mapping has shifted a bit: A wireframe of reimagined primary and secondary navigation items (Large preview)How Will This Affect Scrolling With Large Menus?Some websites have extensive menus, submenus and everything in between. Naturally, there will be scrolling involved. How does flipping the primary/secondary items work in this scenario? Bottom Navigation Pattern On Mobile Web Pages: A Better Alternative? Bottom Navigation Pattern On Mobile Web Pages: A Better Alternative? Arthur Leonov 2019-08-29T13:30:59+02:00 2019-08-29T12:35:26+00:00Whenever you hear of “mobile navigation”, what’s the first thing that comes to mind? My guess would be the hamburger slide-out menu. This design pattern had been in use since the first responsive design days, and even though a lot has changed since then, this particular pattern has not. Why is that?How did we start using the top navigation with the hamburger menu in the first place? Is there a better alternative? In this article, I will try to explore these questions.The History Of The Top Navigation And The HamburgerThe first hamburger menu icons started appearing in the ‘80s. It was designed by Norm Cox for the Xerox Star — the world’s first graphical user interface. He also designed the document icon for the same interface. This piece of history was uncovered by Geof Allday (who actually emailed Norm Cox). You can read the whole email response by clicking here. Later, it was seen on Windows 1 &and DOS.The current mobile navigation — as we know it — was popularized by Ethan Marcotte’s “Responsive Web Design” book back in 2011. Since then, the top navigation and the hamburger became the industry’s standard.The Mobile Phone Screen Size Doubled In 10 YearsSince the original iPhone, mobile sales have been increasing year after year. 2019 is the first year that the market reached saturation point and the sales have started to decrease. But that doesn’t mean people are not using phones. By 2020, we will spend 80% of our time on the Internet on mobile phones, reports Quartz and Ciodive. Compare that to 2010, when only a fourth of Internet users were phone-based.As phone sales increased, screen sizes have more than doubled, too. The average screen size of smartphones has increased from 3.2 inches all the way to 5.5 inches. In 2017, device makers started to adopt the taller 18:9 aspect ratio with 5.7-inch and 6-inch 18:9 displays. Now, we are starting to see 6-inch 18:9 displays become the new standard in flagships as well as in the mid-range price segments, as they have more screen area than 5.5-inch 16:9 displays, XDA-Developers reports. New thumb-zone mapping adjusted to larger screen sizes (Large preview)When the phones were small, most areas were easy to reach. As our screens got bigger, the top part became virtually impossible to touch without adjusting your phone. From the example above, we can see where the most expensive screen real estate is. Yet, it’s often neglected on web pages. How can we fix this?Bottom Navigation PatternEvery now and then, bottom navigation pattern pops up on the web. The idea itself is quite simple: move the navigation bar further down. The Samsung app example from Rizki Rahmat Ridha for Muzli (Large preview)It might seem like the tap bar is the perfect solution, but it has its problems too. Fabian Sebastian raised a good point that it only works on top-level views. It does not work with secondary navigation items. To solve this problem, a hamburger/tap bar hybrid was born. If you pay attention to the Samsung app, you’ll see that the last item on the menu is the “*More*” button which calls up the hamburger menu.In essence, the bottom navigation pattern integrates quite well into the tap bar pattern if you want to combine both of them. The best place to look for good examples is in the mobile app world.Some Popular Websites ReimaginedI opened up Photoshop and did a quick mockup of a few popular websites in order to explain that changing the navbar to go bottom-up is not that difficult.Let’s first take a look at Bloomberg: A wireframe of a reimagined large menu (Large preview)Make the primary and secondary items (menu link, logo, search input) fixed while leaving the menu list scrollable. That way, your users will be able to reach the critical things they need.Where Do You Place The Logo?You might have concerns about the logo placement. There are two ways to go about it:Placing the logo at the bottom might be a bit awkward, however, the thumb will most likely not obstruct it. It can be missed, though, as we tend to scan top to bottom.A more reasonable option is to keep the logo at the top of the page, but not to have it fixed. Make it a part of the content so it goes away as you scroll. That way, people will still be able to see it perfectly.As you can see, I used the menu label in the wireframe. Kevin Robinson had found that putting a label next to the icon increased engagement by 75%: The Bloomberg website with a reimagined bottom navigation (Large preview)Next, let’s take a look at Invision: Bottom Navigation Pattern On Mobile Web Pages: A Better Alternative?You are here: There are three main ways in which we hold our phones. (Large preview)In 2016, Samantha Ingram wrote an article named “The Thumb Zone: Designing For Mobile Users” which further explores these ideas. She defined easy-to-reach, hard-to-reach and in-between areas. The old and new Uber search bar design (Large preview)Shifting important navigation items to the bottom is not a new thing in mobile app design. It’s just that — for some reason — the web industry has not caught up on this just yet.SummaryThe facts are quite clear: Phones are getting bigger, and some parts of the screen are easier to interact with than others. Having the hamburger menu at the top provides too big of an interaction cost, and we have a large number of amazing mobile app designs that utilize the bottom part of the screen. Maybe it’s time for the web design world to start using these ideas on websites as well?I understand that all of this is not a foolproof solution for all use cases, but it’s worth a shot. It helps make the experience just a tad bit better. I’m interested in hearing your thoughts below!Useful Reading Resources“Why Not Have The Hamburger Menu At The Bottom?,” Stack Overflow (Nov. 2014)“The Genius — And Potential Dangers — Of The Hamburger Icon (Flyout Menu),” Jesse Rand, Vital Design“To Hamburger Or Not To Hamburger?,” Dan Nessler, Medium“A Brief History Of The Hamburger Icon,” Antonio, Placeit blog“Design For Fingers, Touch And People (Part 1),” Steven Hoober, UXMatters“Designing For Thumbs: The Thumb Zone,” Oliver McGough, Usabilla blog“One-Handed Mobile Interface,” Konstantin Savchenko, Medium“How Do Users Really Hold Mobile Devices?,” Steven Hoober, UXmatters“Facebook Paper’s Gestural Hell,” Scott Hurff“Designing For Large Screen Smartphones,” Luke WroblewskiFurther Related ResourcesWindows1 (1985) PC XT Hercules, the hamburger menu on Windows 1 (video)Hamburger menu in DOS, as tweeted by Paul Ford“Check The Thumb”, created by Nicolás J. Engler and Antonela Debiasi (cc, il)From our sponsors: Bottom Navigation Pattern On Mobile Web Pages: A Better Alternative? The Reddit website with a reimagined bottom navigation (Large preview)Yes, this idea does raise questions, but it’s simple enough to be adapted to the web. It does make a usability difference as the interaction cost is much lower.That Sounds Great, But How Do I Convince My Clients?You, as the designer, might see the potential of this pattern, but what if your client or your boss doesn’t? I would answer this problem with a couple of arguments:Mobile apps have been placing valuable menu items to the bottom for years already. Just send them these two articles for starters:“The Golden Rules Of Bottom Navigation Design,” written by Nick Babich“Basic Patterns For Mobile Navigation: A Primer,” written by Raluca BudiuI had noticed cases in which popular mobile apps started to shift important bits to the bottom. A good example is Uber. For them, the search bar is one of the most important items on the screen. In the old design, its position was at the top. Now, they’ve shifted it to the bottom. Could we be on to something here? The Invision website with a reimagined bottom navigation (Large preview)Last but not least, the good ol’ Reddit: Slack web page navigation reimagined with new thumb-zone mapping (Large preview)Positioning the navigation bar at the bottom makes it easier for users to click on the menu icon, while secondary items can be moved to the top. Basically, you simply switch the order. Mobile apps have been using this logic with the tap bar pattern. It’s not a new idea in itself, but it’s still not as popular in web design as it is in app design.This is not a foolproof solution since it raises a few critical questions, but it’s a worthy alternative. Let’s explore some of the questions that may come up.Primary And Secondary ItemsAs the top of the screen is becoming hard to reach, placing the primary menu items closer to the bottom is a better alternative. But what about the other things that are just as important?I propose two ideas to tackle this problem:Placing the search bar or any non-primary items to the top;CTA buttons should remain at the bottom next to the menu items as it is a vital part of the navigation. HomeWeb DesignBottom Navigation Pattern On Mobile Web Pages: A Better Alternative? iOS Handlebars and safe areas (Large preview)If you place the logo dead in the center, the link might clash with the handlebar functionality. A bit of padding will do the trick.Will The Users Adjust To This Pattern Or Find It Disorentating?As I was writing this article, I kept thinking of whether this would turn out into a big redesign or a simple usability improvement for users navigating through your website. After all, according to Jakob’s Law, users spend most of their time on other sites. This means that users prefer your site to work the same way as all the other sites they’re already familiar with.As a counter-argument to Jakob’s Law, I would like to propose Fitts Law. It argues that the time to acquire a target is a function of the distance and size of the target. Basically, the smaller and further away the target is, the higher the interaction cost. NN/g has a wonderful video explaining this in more detail:“A bottom hamburger menu icon will have a much lower interaction cost compared to the top menu icon because it’s closer. By placing the menu CTA near the thumb, we are allowing the user to reach it’s end goal faster. Would the users find the feature disorientating if it lowers their interaction cost? Probably not.”How Will This Integrate With The Tap Bar Pattern?A tap bar patterns lists three to five most common first-level actions to click on a single row. You may have seen it in popular apps and some websites:Tap bar design by Mengyuan Sun (Large preview)Hamburger menus have sparked a lot of controversy over the years. Just take a few moments to read this article, and this one, and this one, and most importantly, this one. You’ll then understand why the tap bar became the preferred navigation pattern in mobile app design.Nielsen argues that hidden navigation (hamburger menu) significantly decreases user experience both on mobile and desktop. On mobile, people used the hidden navigation in 57% of the cases, and the combo navigation in 86% of the cases, i.e. 1.5 times more! The combo navigation that Nielsen refers to is a tab bar pattern combined with a hamburger menu — here’s an example: Related postsInclusive Components: Book Reviews And Accessibility Resources13th December 2019Should Your Portfolio Site Be A PWA?12th December 2019Building A CSS Layout: Live Stream With Rachel Andrew10th December 2019Struggling To Get A Handle On Traffic Surges10th December 2019How To Design Profitable Sales Funnels On Mobile6th December 2019How To Build A Real-Time Multiplayer Virtual Reality Game (Part 2)5th December 2019
TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Italy coach Roberto Mancini: I want to win Doubleby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveItaly coach Roberto Mancini says he’s in the job to win trophies.The former Inter Milan boss took over from Giampiero Ventura after failure to qualify for the 2018 World Cup, the first time the Azzurri have missed out since the 1950s.“Ever since I took over the job, my objective has been to do the Double,” Mancini told the official FIGC website.“I dream of winning the European Championship and World Cup consecutively.”He also stated: “It was a great honour to make my debut with the Nazionale. Leading Italy means representing an entire nation and there is a great sense of responsibility.“In football you can win or lose, but being part of this world is the most wonderful thing.”