Cultural Differences between the Koreas Must Be Addressed

first_img There are signs that North Korea is running into serious difficulties with its corn harvest AvatarDaily NKQuestions or comments about this article? Contact us at [email protected] News North Korea tries to accelerate building of walls and fences along border with China Entire border patrol unit in North Hamgyong Province placed into quarantine following “paratyphoid” outbreak Cultural Differences between the Koreas Must Be Addressed News RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORcenter_img By Daily NK – 2014.09.19 7:46am SHARE News News Facebook Twitter As plans by the recently formed Unification PreparatoryCommittee gain momentum, some have voiced the need for “culture art” to bringthe two Koreas together and narrow the gap in their cultural differences. Lee Dae Young, a professor at Chung-Ang University, spoke aspart of a lecture series hosted by the AGIT SC Media Center in the MapoDistrict of Seoul, titled, “Unification Instruction Manual” on September 16th.During his presentation, Lee stated, “At the current stageof unification discussion we can contribute solutions as to how to solve issuesin the area of arts and culture.” He went on to note that as the cultures ofNorth and South are inherently different, society must strive to find new waysto approach the issue in order to avoid impeding the unification process.He brought up that many aspects of North Korean culture arecompletely foreign to South Koreans, and are a result of the oppressive systemunder which they are subjected. Lee emphasized the importance of properawareness and understanding on the part of South Koreans, for without it, hesaid, “there is no possibility for unification to progress as it should.”Lee concluded by stressing the need for South Koreans tobuild a “transitional space,” during the unification process–one thatincorporates both Koreas. “‘Culture art’ does not exist currently, but there isgood reason to discuss it, and by working towards this transitional space inthe present we can prevent suffering and issues in the future,” he said.Live broadcasts of the events and lectures related to the “Unification InstructionManual” are available for viewing on the “Erun TV” website, which also featuresa live chatting component for interested audiences.The next lecture, to be given by the director of the Center forFree Enterprise Hyun Jin Kwon, will explore the role of Liberalism in the eraof unification; it will take place on September 23rd at 7 P.M.For more information about the lecture series and relatedevents please call AGIT SC at 02-389-7181.last_img read more

7th Party Congress will expose vulnerabilities in an unstable system

first_img North Korea tries to accelerate building of walls and fences along border with China There are signs that North Korea is running into serious difficulties with its corn harvest Entire border patrol unit in North Hamgyong Province placed into quarantine following “paratyphoid” outbreak Although it is widely thought that Kim JongUn plans to consolidate North Korea’s dictatorial system through the 7th PartyCongress, as the country’s internal stability grows ever more fragile, analystsare predicting that in fact the Party Congress will have the opposite effect,proving to be a misstep that once again reveals Kim Jong Un’s vulnerabilitiesto the world. Following his ascent to power, Kim Jong Unconducted a large purge of the field army that had defended his father, KimJong Il, and the executive powers, while seeking a full-fledged readjustment ofthe organization to to align with his new rule. However, as Kim Jong Il’s deathwas unexpected, regime change was also sudden, meaning Kim Jong Un did not havethe proper loyalty of the nation, and among the cadre class, who have becomethe targets of his fearpolitik, doubts regarding their young leader aremounting.Cho Han Bum (pictured left), Senior Research Fellow, KoreaInstitute for National Unification, told Daily NK in a recent interview thatalthough the generational shift within the Party is the major focus of Kim JongUn ahead of the upcoming Party Congress, the excessively radical generationalpower change will not spur increased solidarity among Party cadres, butrather bringing about a situation where Kim Jong Un’s power as the centrifugalforce is cultivated. “Unlike Kim Jong Il, who had experiencewith partisan activities and the founding of the country, and who wore the haloof Kim Il Sung, who prepared him for his role as successor to the dictatorship,Kim Jong Un had a relatively short time to prepare,” the expert said.“In addition, he lacks the‘pure’ Paektu bloodline, having instead the so-called ‘Fujisan bloodline’ (KimJong Un’s mother, Ko Yong Hui, was born in Japan). In a situation where hedoes not have the political justification to draw out spontaneous loyalty fromthe elite class, Kim Jong Un’s plan to declare that it is now his generationthrough the Party Congress will fail to materialize as he envisions.”Mr. Cho also discussed Kim Jong Un’s shiftover the last four years from his father’s songun [military-first politics] policy to more Party-centricone, positing that the Organization and Guidance Department will likely beginto focus on public order. He predicted more Party cadres moving to whip thepeople into compliance with “forced loyalty” by means of surveillance andinspections, reigning through terror, bloody purges, and other such methods tocontrol public security and thereby sustain the regime. In reality, those who have suffered thenearest injuries under Kim Jong Un’s reign have largely been members of theWorkers’ Party of Korea Organization and Guidance Department, including Jo YonJun,, (first deputy director of the OGD), Kim Won Hong (head of the StateSecurity Department), Hwang Pyong So (director of the Korean People’s ArmyGeneral Political Bureau), and Jo Yong Won (vice director of the OGD). Itwould appear that at this Party Congress, there will be a record number ofreplacements at all levels of the Guidance Department, with suitable candidatesto control public security coming in. However, some believe that the role ofpublic security forces will threaten Kim Jong Un’s regime much in the way thatthe defense of his reign of terror has. Mr. Cho agreed, stating, “While KimJong Un’s regime may appear outwardly stable with public security forces heldfirmly in hand, these forces are actually extremely threatening because theylack loyalty to Kim Jong Un. In a situation where internal cracks are alreadyapparent among the cadres, the elites, who have access to all of theinformation about the regime, may come to pose an even bigger threat to KimJong Un’s dictatorship.” Citing instability within the regime, Mr. Cho pointed out that professional analysts, while varied intheir opinions, cannot completely discount the possibility of a suddendisruptive incident occurring in North Korea. Considering the economicdifficulties created by the UN sanctions against the country, Kim Jong Un’sunwavering commitment to nuclear development may falter.Although it is difficult to say thatorganized resistance forces against the regime in North Korea will form, thereis the possibility that the people, under numerous pressures including foodshortages, will erupt in revolt given the opportunity. “Couple this with simultaneous disputes within the leadership and we could see a sudden shift in North Korea; if regime durability is diminished to a great enough degree, collapse from even the slightest provocation is very possible,” Mr. Cho asserted.Without an organized opposition forceagainst the North Korean dictatorship, a sudden change in North Korea willthrow the country into chaos and preclude immediate reunification with theSouth. “If we are to prepare for reunification without regard to Kim Jong Un’sparading about of his nuclear weapons, we must push for total participation fromthe North Korean people, and create an atmosphere of trust, friendlyreunification, friendly opening, and protection of human rights in North Koreansociety,” said Mr. Cho.  News News SHARE By Daily NK – 2016.05.04 1:29pm center_img 7th Party Congress will expose vulnerabilities in an unstable system AvatarDaily NKQuestions or comments about this article? 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